Surface-enhanced Raman microspectroscopy of biomolecules and biological systems

Author: Mgr. Petra Šimáková
Supervisor: Prof. RNDr. Marek Procházka, Dr.
Type: Doctoral

Abstract: The aim of this thesis was using surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) microspectroscopy for the study of biomolecules and biological systems. The main probe molecule was cationic porphyrin H2TMPyP, however, other porphyrins, tryptophan and two lipids were also used. The sensitivity and reproducibility of several solid SERS substrates: (i) Au and Ag nanoparticles (NPs) immobilized via a bifunctional linker, (ii) AgNPs immobilized by drying, (iii) highly ordered Au and Ag film-over-nanosphere (FON) and (iv) Ag-coated insect wings were compared. On most of the solid substrates, the lowest detected H2TMPyP concentration was ~10-8 M. The highest sensitivity was provided by the dried drops of AgNPs/analyte mixture, where concentrations 1×10-10 M TMPyP, 1×10-5 M tryptophan, 2×10-7 M DSPC and 3×10-7 M DMTAP were detected. Nevertheless, the spectral reproducibility was decreased due to porphyrin metallation and perturbation of the lipid spectra in comparison to their Raman spectra from solution. The highest reproducibility was achieved by AuFON and Ag-coated insect wings. Finally, the AgNPs modified by PEG polymers were tested for intracellular application using HeLa cancer cells. Metallation of H2TMPyP served to probe the accessibility of PEG-AgNPs surface. The results proved that the accessibility was dependent on the chemical properties of both polymer and porphyrin.

Keywords: SERS, Raman microspectroscopy, colloidal nanoparticles, porphyrins, FON, biotemplating